Archive for the ‘History’ Category

Took a trip up the hill and saw the beautiful bunkers. It was an amazing hike that kids can do.  Plenty of spots to have a picnic 🙂


Check out this video to see more photos and enjoy 🙂


Naturopathic Paladin – Meaning behind the name..

The Twelve Peers were Charlemagne’s elite paladins or knights – the corps d’elite. The Twelve Peers were sort of like Arthur’s Knights of the Round Table.

Definition of CORPS D’ELITE

:  a body of picked troops

:  a group of the best people in a category


Some facts:
  • Legibility was one of his key focus in the survival of manuscripts.
  • The first Holy emperor to press a reform of education on reading and writing. He himself had troubles with reading and writing. The Pope Leo crowned him emperor in 800 AD
  • Converted the Saxons to Christianity thru several decades.
  • He set up the revival of knowledge and wisdom in the European kingdom.
  • In his 13 years of ruling, he organized the survival of books, sending out a call for rare books to be reproduced so the world could enjoy them as well.
  • He set up schools all throughout his kingdom for monks and scholars to learn to read and write. Teaching Latin and pulling the masses from their dialects. (Spanish, French, Italian)
  • His voice was squeaky and high because of his height.
  • He favored the church, he encouraged reforms, better discipline on priests, restorations of the land of the church, role as the king for the guardian of the church.
  • King of the Franks, set in his kingdom his father left him, Pepin.
  • He is a person of learning, he expresses the importance of learning.
  • He is not a sensitive person and full of military prestige.
  • 774-806 fighting the saxtons, large killing and force conversion  to christianity, but goal to educate.
  • Carolingian Renaissance
  • He took on the care for the spirituality of his kingdom.


The term “naturopathy” was created from “natura” (Latin root for birth) and “pathos” (the Greek root for suffering) to suggest “natural healing”.

These may include: herbalism, homeopathyacupuncture, nature cures, physical medicine, applied kinesiology, brainwave entrainment, colonic enemaschelation therapy for atherosclerosiscolor therapycranial osteopathy, hair analysis, iridologylive blood analysis, ozone therapyPsychotherapy, public health measures and hygiene, reflexology, rolfingmassage therapy, and traditional Chinese medicine. Nature cures include a range of therapies based on exposure to natural elements such as sunshine, fresh air, or heat or cold, as well as nutrition advice such as following a vegetarian and whole food diet, fasting, or abstention from alcohol and sugar. Physical medicine includes naturopathic, osseous, or soft tissue manipulative therapy, sports medicine, exercise, and hydrotherapy. Psychological counseling includes meditation, relaxation, and other methods of stress management.


the sword is brought by an angel to Charlemagne, who gives it to Roland.

The origin of the sword received various accounts – the sword is given various provenances in the Matter of France. Several of the works of the Matter of France agree that the sword was forged by Wayland the Smith, who is commonly cited as a maker of romantic weapons.

According to the Song of Roland, the sword is brought by an angel to Charlemagne, who gives it to Roland. According to Ludovico Ariosto’s Orlando Furioso it once belonged to Hector of Troy, and was given to Roland by Malagigi (Maugris). This is questionable, given that the swords of Hector’s time were made of bronze.

In The Song of Roland, the sword is said to contain within its golden hilt one tooth of Saint Peter, blood of Saint Basil, hair of Saint Denis, and a piece of the raiment of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and to be the sharpest sword in all existence. In the poem, Roland uses the sword to hold off a hundred-thousand-strong Muslim army long enough for Charlemagne’s army to retreat into France.

Roland attempted to destroy the sword to prevent it from being captured by the attacking Saracens and created La Brèche de Roland in the Pyrenees in the process. But Durandal proved indestructible, so he hid it beneath his body along with the oliphant, the horn used to alert Charlemagne.

Local folklore claims Durandal still exists, preserved in Rocamadour, France, embedded in a cliff wall. In the twelfth century, the monks of Rocamadour claimed that Roland threw the sword rather than hid it beneath himself. However, the local tourist office calls the sword a replica of Durandal.


“Naturopathy.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 17 Apr. 2015. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.

“Durendal.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 30 Mar. 2015. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.

Timeless Myths (Arthurian Legends) © 1999, Jimmy Joe